The Eastern region of the Himalayas is one of the best places for bird-watching. The Singalila National Park, Lava, the Neora Valley reserve forest are some of the places where one can view a number of Himalayan birds including some rare ones
such as the
Himalayan Monal, khalij cheer, tragopan, trogan, and other pheasants.
The climatic range varies from tropical heat in the valleys to the alpine cold of the snowy regions. The prolific vegetation, which ranges from tropical, sub-tropical, temperate to alpine (depending on altitude), is enriched by the abundance in rainfall. This portion of the eastern Himalayas receives an annual average rainfall of 325 mm (12.8 in.), which peaks at 660 mm (26 in.) in the month of July making it extremely humid.
There is also extreme deviation in altitudes within very short distances resulting in distinct climatic zones inside a compressed space barely a hundred kilometers north to south, and sixty kilometers east to west – a factor favoring rapid seasonal migration of the species round the year including their abundance and variety.
One of the best ways to birding in these places is to get oneself off the beaten tracks (of vehicular roads and urban settlements). Trekking is the best option, and this may not necessarily be a strenuous high altitude trek such as the
Dzongri-Goechala but easier and gentler hikes in the middle hills or on easy treks such as the trail between
Sandakphu and several such similar ones ranging from one to three days.
Alternatively, driving over to secluded forested areas such as Neora valley and many such places can yield equally interesting finds. Avid bird-watchers are assured ample opportunities to add more feathers to their checklist on sampling the hills and valleys in this part of the Himalayas